Today I’ve been reading about pre-diabetes. Why?? Well, I received a phone call today from my Drs office regarding the blood test that I had last week. My blood sugar cane back in the pre-diabetes range. They are sending me another lab requisition for a more detailed test. I have to do an 8 hour fast, then they test my blood sugar for my fasting blood sugar, then I drink that sugary drink they give you and I get to wait there for 2 hours and then they will test my blood sugar again. I’m not overly worried, my blood sugar level was at the lower end of the scale, but I was interested in finding out more information. Here’s what I learned (taken from the web-site: Metabolic Leader)
Pre-Diabetes is defined as a fasting blood sugar between 100-125 or an A1c greater than 5.8 and less than 6.5. It’s when your blood glucose level is higher than normal (>100), but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes (>125 on two occasions). There are other typical characteristics of pre-diabetes we call the Metabolic Syndrome;
(1.) Obesity defined by a Body Mass Index (BMI) >30, a belt size in a woman >35 inches or in a man >40 inches.
(2.) Hypertension or high blood pressure.
(3.) Low HDL cholesterol (“Good Cholesterol”) < 40 in men and <50 in women.
(4.) High triglycerides, >150. If you have three of these factors, you have the metabolic syndrome, as well.
Pre-diabetes is an indication that you may develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes. About 30% of people with pre-diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes and we know that it is treatable.
The good news is that it is possible to prevent pre-diabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes. Eating healthy food, losing weight, and being physically active can help you bring your blood glucose level back into the normal range. By this treatment, many people can prevent the development and complications of diabetes.
There are also some common early symptoms (taken from the same source):
Diabetes develops gradually, so you may have none of these diabetes symptoms or you may experience only a few of them:
• You are hungrier than normal
• You are losing weight, despite eating more
• You are thirstier than normal
• You have to go to the bathroom more frequently
• You are more tired than usual
All of these are typical symptoms associated with diabetes, so if you are in the early stages of diabetes, you may notice these symptoms.
Finally a little info on the causes and Risk Factors of pre-diabetes (taken from the same source):
Pre-diabetes develops when your body begins to develop resistance to the hormone insulin or makes too little insulin. Insulin is necessary to transport glucose from the blood to the cells in your body. In pre-diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or it doesn’t use it well (that’s called insulin resistance). Obesity, genetic predisposition and inactivity are risk factors for insulin resistance. If you don’t have enough insulin or if you are insulin resistant, you can build up too much glucose in your blood, leading to a higher-than-normal blood glucose level and perhaps pre-diabetes.
• Weight: If you are overweight (have a BMI of higher than 25), you are at a high risk for developing pre-diabetes. Especially if you carry a lot of extra weight in your abdomen, you may develop pre-diabetes. The fat cells and other organs release factors that can cause your body to become more insulin resistant.
• Lack of physical activity: This often goes hand-in-hand with being overweight. If you aren’t physically active, you burn fewer calories and are more likely to develop pre-diabetes.
• Family history: Pre-diabetes has a hereditary factor. If someone in your close family has (or had) it, you are more likely to develop pre-diabetes.
• Race/ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups are more likely to develop pre-diabetes, including African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and Asian Americans.
• Age: The older you are, the more at risk you are for developing pre-diabetes. At age 45, your risk starts to rise, and after age 65, your risk increases exponentially.
• Gestational Diabetes: If you developed diabetes while you were pregnant, that increases your risk for developing pre-diabetes and diabetes later on in life.
• Other health problems: High blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol (the “bad” LDL cholesterol) are associated with developing type 2 diabetes.
• Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Raises the risk of pre-diabetes because it is related to insulin resistance. In PCOS, many cysts form in a woman’s ovaries, and one possible cause is insulin resistance. If you have PCOS, that means you may be insulin resistant and therefore at risk for developing pre-diabetes and diabetes later on in life.
Well, this is a lot to take in. Hopefully the more accurate test that I am getting done, I remember it from pregnancy, will show that I don’t even have pre-diabetes. We will soon find out! But because I’m feeling like I want to ponder this information, I’m going to stop writing for the night. Not get all💤😴
To help with research and treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia please go to http://www.tnnme.com (Trigeminal Neuralgia and Me) to sign a petition to have the World Health Organization (WHO) add Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) to their “Health topic list.””Hopefully one day I’ll get it right, or at least have fun, while about it I write!!”